The Effectiveness of Fire Protection System for Bukit Berapit High-speed Rail Tunnel

Abdul Khair Osman, (2021) The Effectiveness of Fire Protection System for Bukit Berapit High-speed Rail Tunnel. Masters thesis, Open University Malaysia (OUM).

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The development of technology in transportation industry especially rail transportation is an alternative solution to Malaysia Transportation Issues. The initiative of the government to develop Mega Project such as Electrics Train Service (ETS) in the year 2015, consisting the railway from Kuala Lumpur to Padang Besar, Perlis and it helps to reduce the amount of traffic on road and lessen the time spent to travel from these two places. This project includes the building up of two unique Train Tunnels and categories as Twin Tunnel that are 3.3kilometre length in Bukit Berapit and 1.1kilometre length in Bukit Larut, Perak. The Twin Railway Tunnel in Bukit Berapit, Perak is the longest in Malaysia ever built. The development of this twin train tracks is brought by the local engineering expertise with the advisory by international expert. One of the important components of its development is to ensure the main build up standards and life safety in this twin railway tunnel project is given priority. Based on the statistics by Bureau of Transportation in United States, accident that involved in Train Tunnels are 11 accidents and resulting 343 death and 81 injuries with multiples factor most of it caused by electrical failure and results to fires. Based on the statistics, 2 most important safety element in developing Bukit Berapit Twin Railway Tunnel are life safety and properties of the building. The safety elements need to be considered are fire protection system and the fire retardant material. The preliminary concept of this project is using the combination of Italian Standards and NFPA 130, since there are no local standards to be referred. This research focused on the best standard practises from other countries for the purpose to evaluate the effectiveness of fire protection system used in Bukit Berapit Railway Tunnel. Therefore, a few researches on standard’s, site visits, survey and interviews the expert had been conducted. Based on the research findings, there are 10 parameters identified and it will be suggested as a benchmark on making standards in building up Railway Tunnel in Malaysia in the future. Fires is a great danger to human life especially when occurs in a confined space. Railway tunnel fires is uncommonly occurred, and railway tunnels typically require large investments in providing fire protection. It is necessity to understand the reasons for the first consideration in developing railway tunnel in such of fire safety. As this railway tunnel is the first project in Malaysia and has no local standard, much attention needs to be given to fire prevention, such as stability, integrity, and structural assessment during fire and fire extinguishing system reactions. Two factors will be focused mainly on: passive fire protection system and active fire extinguishing system to study the effectiveness of fire safety concept for Bukit Berapit tunnel. (Abstract by author)

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: A Master’s Project submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Occupational Safety and Health Risk Management
Uncontrolled Keywords: Railway tunnel, fire safety system, local standard, Master of Occupational Safety and Health Risk Management, MOSHRM, thesis
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: OUM Graduate Centre
Depositing User: Siti Norfazila Ismail
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2022 07:43
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2022 07:43

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