Shaping futures of prison inmates and former prisoners via higher education: A conceptual study on social return on investment assessment for stakeholders

Santhi Raghavan, and Tuan Fatma Tuan Sulaiman, and Bibi Nabi Ahmad Khan, and Jamil Ramly, (2019) Shaping futures of prison inmates and former prisoners via higher education: A conceptual study on social return on investment assessment for stakeholders. In: International Conference on Education (ICE 2019), 10-11 April 2019, Kuala Lumpur.


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Companies largely play a role in corporate social responsibility (CSR) programmes by engaging with stakeholders including employees, customers, investors, communities and suppliers for financial, environmental and/or social impacts. Contribution quantum is rarely assessed or calculated when it concerns CSR as it is explicitly recognised as the willingness of an organisation to contribute to the community within the ethical norms of charity although strategically CSR can increase revenues by decreasing risks and costs. This study highlights the unique contributions of various stakeholders who wish to make positive and sustainable impact on the socially challenged community – the prisoners. One such engagement is the provision of undergraduate and postgraduate programmes for prisoners in selected Malaysian prisons by Open University Malaysia (OUM), with the partnership of the Prisons Department of Malaysia. It is an economic empowerment programme to rehabilitate and educate its inmates and create employment opportunities if and when they are released. Social Return On Investment (SROI) is a method for measuring and communicating values that incorporates social, environmental and economic impacts to stakeholders. It is an accounting of value created by the activities and the contributions that made the activity possible. Results will be expressed in a ratio of total benefits (a sum of all the outcomes) to total investments (a sum of all costs involved). The purpose of this conceptual study is to calculate the ratio of Ringgit Malaysia (RM) of social value created for every RM1 spent on its activities. Inmates who are accepted into OUM’s programmes attend face-to-face tutorials conducted by OUM tutors and sit for examinations in the prison. They are supported by OUM’s online learning management system where they manage their studies, submit their assignments and access the digital library. (Abstract by authors)

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Access to Education, Open and Distance Learning, Social Return On Investment
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education > LC5201 Education extension. Adult education. Continuing education
Divisions: Cluster of Business & Management
Depositing User: Siti Norfazila Ismail
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2020 03:04
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2020 03:05

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