Acceptance and usage, social influences, instructor’s presence and performance among learners in an ODL institution

Raemah Abdullah Hashim, and Loo , Sin Chun and Yanty Roslinda Harun, and Zahir Osman, and Zulaika Zakariah, and Nor Fairuz Syazana Nor Fauzi, (2019) Acceptance and usage, social influences, instructor’s presence and performance among learners in an ODL institution. ASEAN Journal of Open & Distance Learning (AJODL), 11 (1). pp. 52-64. ISSN 2232-0814


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Open Distance Learning (ODL) has been implemented in Malaysia for several decades to widen access to education while enriching the quality of learner's experience. Building from previous literature, this article aims to examine the relationship between independent variables of learner acceptance and usage of e-learning and instructor presence and learner performance, as the dependent variable, while social influences act as the mediation variable among learners in a distance learning (ODL) environment. Working adults enrolled for business programmes in one of the ODL institutions in Malaysia were surveyed. A total of 148 participants completed a survey questionnaire measuring their responses on the said variables. The study found that there was a positive relationship between the two independent constructs and learner performance. Social influences fully mediated between the independent and dependent variables. This indicates that peer influence is important during the learning process and the delivery of the teaching will enhance the learner’s competencies and knowledge. These findings indicate that these variables can be included in ODL learning environment. However, other constructs should also be explored. Suggestions and recommendations on the strength and influence of these variables to working adults are discussed and their applicability in other cultures and ODL institutions are elaborated upon. (Abstract by authors)

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acceptance and Usage, Social Influences, Instructor, Performance, Open Distance Learning
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education > LC5201 Education extension. Adult education. Continuing education
L Education > LC Special aspects of education > LC5800 Distance education
L Education > LG Individual institutions (Asia. Africa)
Depositing User: Shahril Effendi Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2019 02:36
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2019 02:36

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