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Taxonomy Term : Open Educational Resources (OER)

Open access scholarly publications as OER

Authorship Details
Terry Anderson
Publication Details
Language: 
English
Resource Type: 
Article
Publication Date: 
2013
Publication Title: 
The International Review and Research in Open & Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Publisher: 
Athabasca University
Volume: 
14
Issue or Number: 
2
ISBN / ISSN: 
1492-3831
Summary
This article presents the rationale, common practices, challenges, and some personal anecdotes from a journal editor on the production, use, and re-use of peer-reviewed, scholarly articles as open educational resources (OER). The scholarly and professional discourse related to open educational resources has largely focused on open learning objects, courseware, and textbooks. However, especially in graduate education, articles published in scholarly journals are often a major component of the course content in formal education. In addition, open access journal articles are critical to expanding access to knowledge by scholars in the developing world and in fostering citizen science, by which everyone has access to the latest academic information and research results. In this article, I highlight some of the challenges, economic models, and evidence for quality of open access journal content and look at new affordances provided by the Net for enhanced functionality, access, and distribution. In the seventeen years since I graduated with a doctorate degree, the climate and acceptance of open access publishing has almost reversed itself. I recall a conversation with my PhD supervisor in which he argued that publishing online was not a viable option as the product would not have permanency, scholarly recognition, or the prestige of a paper publication. His comments reflect the confusion between online resources and those described as open access, but as well illustrate the change in academic acceptance and use of open access products during the past decade. The evolution from paper to online production and consumption is a disruptive technology in which much lower cost and increased accessibility of online work opens the product to a completely new group of potential users. In the case of OER these consumers are primarily students, but certainly access to scholars from all parts of the globe and the availability to support citizen science (Silvertown, 2009) should not be underestimated. (Abstract by author)
Notes
The copyright of all content published in IRRODL is retained by the authors. However, all IRRODL content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence.

Cost-savings achieved in two semesters through the adoption of open educational resources

Authorship Details
John Levi Hilton III
David Wiley
J. Dale Ackerman
T. Jared Robinson
Publication Details
Resource Type: 
Article
Summary
Textbooks represent a significant portion of the overall cost of higher education in the United States. The burden of these costs is typically shouldered by students, those who support them, and the taxpayers who fund the grants and student loans which pay for textbooks. Open educational resources (OER) provide students a way to receive high-quality learning materials at little or no cost to students. We report on the cost savings achieved by students at eight colleges when these colleges began utilizing OER in place of traditional commercial textbooks. (ABSTRACT BY AUTHORS)

Guidelines for Open Educational Resources (OER) in Higher Education

Authorship Details
The Commonwealth of Learning (COL)
Publication Details
Language: 
English
Resource Type: 
Monograph
Publication Date: 
2011
Publisher: 
commonwealth of Learning (COL)
ISBN / ISSN: 
9781894975421
Summary
Open educational resources (OER) are materials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared. These Guidelines outline key issues and make suggestions for integrating OER into higher education. Their purpose is to encourage decision makers in governments and institutions to invest in the systematic production, adaptation and use of OER and to bring them into the mainstream of higher education in order to improve the quality of curricula and teaching and to reduce costs. This publication is currently available in electronic format only. It is not available for order as a physical copy.

7 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES

Authorship Details
EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI)
Publication Details
Resource Type: 
Article
Publication Date: 
May 2010
Publication Title: 
ELI 7 Things You Should Know, EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI)
Summary
Open educational resources (OER) are any resources available at little or no cost that can be used for teaching, learning, or research. The term can include textbooks, course readings, and other learning content; simulations, games, and other applications; syllabi, quizzes, and assessment tools; and virtually any other educational material. Open resources are issued under a license that spells out how they can be used: Some may only be used in their original form; in other cases, resources can be modified, remixed, and redistributed. OER expand the access to educational resources to more learners, more of the time, and they have the potential to spur pedagogical innovation, introducing new alternatives for effective teaching

Open educational resources : what are the possibilities?

Authorship Details
Asha Kanwar
Publication Details
Resource Type: 
Conference or Workshop Item
Publisher: 
commonwealth of Learning (COL)

Creating, Using and Sharing Open Educational Resources

Authorship Details
Rory McGreal
S. D’Antoni (Contributor)
W. Mackintosh (Contributor)
C. Green (Contributor)
Publication Details
Language: 
English
Resource Type: 
Monograph
Publication Date: 
2013
Publication Title: 
Creating, Using and Sharing Open Educational Resources
Publisher: 
commonwealth of Learning (COL)
Summary
Open Educational Resources (OER) are free learning resources available on the Internet. OER can be openly licensed or in the public domain, and can be used or reused for free. They can exist in many formats: text (either print or digital); audio, video, multimedia or hypermedia; or various combinations of these. They can be based on a single learning point, a lesson, a series of lessons (a module), a whole course or even an entire programme of study. They can support a specific learning methodology or approach — whether that be behaviourist, constructivist, connectivist, etc. — or any combination of methodologies or approaches. Although they may differ in format, structure or approach, they share a common characteristic: their openness. The Knowledge Series is a topical, start-up guide to distance education practice and delivery.

The International Review and Research in Open & Distance Learning (IRRODL) - Special Issue - Open Educational Resources: Opening Access to Knowledge

Authorship Details
Dianne Conrad; Co-Ed
Rory McGreal; Co-Ed
Publication Details
Language: 
English
Resource Type: 
Journal
Publication Date: 
2013
Publication Title: 
The International Review and Research in Open & Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Publisher: 
Athabasca University
Volume: 
14
Issue or Number: 
2
ISBN / ISSN: 
1492-3831
Summary
A Special Issue on Open Educational Resources: Opening Access to Knowledge from The International Review and Research in Open & Distance Learning (IRRODL) open access journal published by Athabasca University.

Measuring use and creation of open educational resources in higher education

Authorship Details
Ross Charles McKerlich
Cindy Ives
Rory McGreal
Publication Details
Resource Type: 
Article
Publication Date: 
2013
Publication Title: 
The International Review and Research in Open & Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Publisher: 
Athabasca University
Volume: 
14
Issue or Number: 
4
Summary
The open educational resources initiative has been underway for over a decade now and higher education institutions are slowly adopting open educational resources (OER). The use and creation of OER are important aspects of adoption and both are needed for the benefits of OER to be fully realized. Based on the results of a survey developed to measure the readiness of faculty and staff to adopt OER, this paper focuses on the measurement of OER use and creation, and identifies factors to increase both. The survey was administered in September 2012 to faculty and staff of Athabasca University, Canada’s open university. The results offer a snapshot of OER use and creation at one university. The survey tool could provide a mechanism to compare and contrast OER adoption with other higher education institutions. Forty-three percent of those in the sample are using OER and 31% are creating OER. This ratio of use to creation is introduced as a possible metric to measure adoption. [ABSTRACT BY AUTHORS]

Turning a Resource into an Open Educational Resource (OER)

Authorship Details
OERIPRSupport
Publication Details
Resource Type: 
Article
Summary
An animation illustrating the steps involved in embedding open licences in educational resources, and some of the associated IPR issues. (Description by author)
Notes
OER IPR Support is a JISC funded project, providing advice to other JISC projects about the licensing of Open Educational Resources.

Exploration of open educational resources in non-English speaking communities

Authorship Details
Cristobal Cobo
Publication Details
Language: 
English
Resource Type: 
Article
Publication Date: 
2012
Publication Title: 
The International Review and Research in Open & Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Publisher: 
Athabasca University
Volume: 
14
Issue or Number: 
2
Summary
Over the last decade, open educational resources (OER) initiatives have created new possibilities for knowledge-sharing practices. This research examines how, where, and when OER are attracting attention in the higher education sector and explores to what extent the OER discussion has moved beyond the English-speaking world. This study analysed English, Spanish, and Portuguese OER queries over a long-term period (2007-2011). The data retrieval was conducted using four online platforms: two academic journal databases (Web of Knowledge and Scopus), one video-sharing Web site (YouTube), and one document-sharing Web site (Scribd). The number (more than 32,860) of search results collected indicate an increasing interest in online OER discussion across languages, particularly outside academic journal databases. Additionally, a widening ‘language gap’ between OER discussions in English and other languages was identified in several platforms. This research reports some of the cultural and language challenges caused by the expansion of the OER discussion and highlights relevant findings in this field. (Abstract by author)

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Latest updated: 23th July 2013

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